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por / terça-feira, 22 dezembro 2020 / Publicado na categoria: Sobre Eliete Tordin

As early as the beginning of the third century, works were written in Greek by indigenous scholar-priests: Manetho produced a history of Egypt under the pharaohs, Berosus a history of Babylonia, and Apollodorus of Artemis a history of the Parthians; in addition, historical works were written in indigenous languages, such as the Books of Maccabees, which describe the uprising of the Judeans against the Seleucids. The Hellenistic order is distinguished by a free treatment of the earlier orders and a tendency to stress the decorative and formal at the expense of structural elements. Epicurus, who based his doctrines on the atomistic theory of Democritus and the ethics of the Cyrenaics, began teaching in 309 B.C. Natural sciences. Examples of this quasi-fictional approach are the histories of Alexander the Great by Callisthenes (late fourth century B.C.) He believed that happiness and spiritual bliss (spiritual imperturbability and calm) could be attained by such means as self-control and the moderation of sensual pleasures. Hellenistic architecture is characterized by an effort to master large open spaces and to create an effect of grandeur; also evident is a desire to impress the viewer through the scale and boldness of the engineering, the logic of structural elements, the imposing quality of the architectural forms, and the precision and mastery with which structures were executed. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. More specifically, it comes with the death of Alexander the Great in 323. It was laid out in the typical Hellenistic grid pattern along a narrow strip between Lake Mareotis and the sea. Tendencies common to all Hellenistic art may be traced in vase paintings, glyptic, and toreutics, as well as in the fine crafted glass vessels. The literature of the Hellenistic age achieved considerable success in the description of man’s inner world and everyday life; the use of folk traditions expanded the boundaries of literary genres. Philip II had been a hostage for three years in Greek Thebes where he was exposed to Greek culture, military tactics and formations, and philosophy.Although he made the greatest use of the military information, he decreed a … The tradition of the heroic epic, which was continued by Apollonius of Rhodes, was influenced by the scholarly erudition pervasive in Hellenistic poetry: the epic poet was expected to weave into his plot all manner of antiquarian lore, obscure words, and myths. A. I. PAVLOVSKAIA (religion and mythology, historical scholarship), A. L. DOBROKHOTOV (philosophy), I. D. ROZHANSKII (natural sciences), V. N. IARKHO (literature), G. I. SOKOLOV (architecture and art), and G. A. KOSHELENKO (eastern Hellenistic art). No Hellenistic tragedies have survived, although performances have been attested throughout the Hellenistic age in Athens and virtually everywhere in the Hellenistic world, even in such peripheral areas as Armenia and the Black Sea region. Hellenization, or Hellenism, refers to the spread of Greek culture that had begun after the conquest of Alexander the Great in the fourth century, B.C.E. (Peoples) of or relating to the Greeks or to Hellenism 3. Philosophy. The phrase was derived from Hellas meaning Greece. This blending became known as Hellenistic culture. If a typological approach is used, the chronological and geographic boundaries of Hellenistic culture are expanded to such a degree that the term encompasses the entire culture of the classical world from the time of Alexander the Great’s campaigns in the fourth century B.C. Hellenistic culture exhibited more strikingly than classical Greek culture the differences between the life of the hellenized upper social strata and that of the urban and rural poor, among whom local traditions were preserved for a longer period of time. It was created during an age characterized by a strong sense of history. This can be called hellenistic culture. Hellenistic culture exhibited more strikingly than classical Greek culture the differences between the life of the hellenized upper social strata and that of the urban and rural poor, among whom local traditions were preserved for a longer period of time. During the Hellenistic age, Plato’s Academy, Aristotle’s Lyceum (the Peripatetic school), the Cynics, and the Cyrenaics remained active. Religion and mythology. Subsequent histories of the world were written by Posidonius of Apamea, Nicholas of Damascus, Agatharchides of Cnidos, and Diodorus Siculus. Architectural ensembles were based on rectangular floor plans, and an emphasis was placed on horizontals and verticals in the surfaces of the facades. The Hellenistic cities were distinguished by stately architectural ensembles, in which the buildings harmonized with one another and with the surrounding landscape. Hellenistic civilization. Of considerable importance for the subsequent development of classical and medieval literature were the prose genres, which had emerged in the Hellenistic age as interest grew in the folktale and in stories about strange lands. The syncretism of Hellenistic religion influenced the architectural development of temples, sanctuaries, altars, and memorial buildings, all of which exhibited to a greater extent than did civic structures an interaction with the art of the East; examples are the Sanctuary of Asclepius on Cos, the Kom el-Shugafa catacombs in Alexandria, and the fortified city of Ai-Khanum in northern Afghanistan. Rivaling the cult of Zeus in popularity was the cult of Dionysus, together with the mysteries that made it closely resemble the cults of Osiris, an Egyptian god, and Sabazius and Adonis, gods of Asia Minor. Also typical were unexpected uses of foreshortening, dramatic gestures, complex articulation, and bold contrasts of light and shadow. a term that is used chronologically to refer to the culture of the Hellenistic age and typologically to refer to the culture that resulted from the interaction of Greek (Hellenic) and local elements. of or relating to the Greeks or their language, culture, etc., after the time of Alexander the Great, when Greek characteristics were modified by foreign elements.Compare Hellenic (def. Hellenistic culture was the world-wide Greek culture that followed the conquests of Alexander the Great. Substantial influences on Hellenistic culture were the highly charged political atmosphere of the time, continual military conflicts between the states, and the social movements within the states. Local differences among artistic schools increased—notably among the schools of Alexandria, Pergamum, Rhodes, Athens, and Syria. Hellenistic culture is one of the most understudied and exciting areas of ancient history. As my fellows have asked, we’ll need more detail on what you’re asking. Hellenistic Greece is the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the annexation of the classical Greek Achaean League heartlands by the Roman Republic.This culminated at the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC, a crushing Roman victory in the Peloponnese that led to the destruction of Corinth and ushered in the period of Roman Greece. Religion and mythology. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! Some of these commanalities were: some sort of connection to the Greece through Alexander, Greek cultural influence, and Greek language. Hellenistic History and Culture. pertaining to Hellenists. The three centuries of Greek history between the death of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.E. In some fields Hellenistic culture thrived, particularly in its preservation of the past. The study of the literature of the past compelled the Hellenistic poets to recognize the stability of existing traditions and the need to renew them; hence the intensive experimentation in long-established genres. With the support of roy… In form, many historical works resembled fiction: the exposition of events was skillfully dramatized, and rhetorical devices were used to produce an emotional effect on a wide audience. The most characteristic feature of Hellenistic religion and mythology was syncretism, in which the heritage of the East played a major role. After his death, his empire was broken down into various areas. Hellenistic definition is - of or relating to Greek history, culture, or art after Alexander the Great. The plastic arts of the Hellenistic age were characterized by dramatism, expressiveness, and the depiction of suffering, all designed to work on the viewer’s emotions. Notable works produced by the school include the history of Alexander the Great’s campaigns by Ptolemy I (after 301) and the history of the struggle among the Diadochoi by Hieronymus of Cardia (no earlier than 272). Although the architectural types of public, residential, and religious buildings dated, for the most part, to the archaic and classical periods of Greece, they were reinterpreted in the spirit of the age. Part of the reason for this is because it comes between the Greeks and the Romans (two favorites). The Hellenistic age witnessed a flourishing of the epigram, which focused on the theme of love: the arousal of passion, lovers’ meetings, and unrequited passions. The Hellenistic culture is usually defined as the culture of the period from 336 BC to the time when the Roman Empire started to become very powerful in the late first century BCE. The syncretic cults that emerged in the East reached the city-states of Asia Minor, Greece, and Macedonia and eventually spread as far as the western Mediterranean. Posidonius of Rhodes wrote, in addition to philosophical works, several works in such fields as geography, astronomy, and meteorology. Greek (also known as Hellenic) culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influ-ences. German historian J. G. Droysen coined the word "Hellenistic" during the 19th century, to refer to the expansion of Greek culture after Alexander's death. His numerous epithets, such as Pantocrator (Almighty), Soter (Savior), and Helios (Sun), testify to the unusual multiplication of his functions. All the local variants of Hellenistic culture exhibited certain common features, however; these features were determined, on the one hand, by the similar socioeconomic and political tendencies in the development of society throughout the Hellenistic world and, on the other hand, by the mandatory participation of Greek cultural elements in the synthesis. Why is the Battle of Saratoga considered a turning point in the American Revolution? History of Greece: Hellenistic The Hellenistic Age marks the transformation of Greek society from the localized and introverted city-states to an open, cosmopolitan, and at times exuberant culture that permeated the entire eastern Mediterranean, and Southwest Asia. 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